What is a product roadmap?
A product roadmap visualizes the plan for how your product is going to meet a set of business objectives. It details the direction of your product and the work required to get there.
Product managers can use a roadmap to communicate product direction and progress to internal teams and external stakeholders. Roadmaps also allow product teams to assess new requests for functionality against planned work. Your roadmap is your best path forward.
A product roadmap should also showcase how high-level initiatives and planned work aligns with company and product strategy. It is an evolving document and should be separate from other planning artifacts, such as a list of customer ideas and feature requests, a backlog of future work, or bug reports.
What is roadmapping?
Roadmapping is the exercise of building a product roadmap. You collect ideas, features, and requirements from a variety of sources — including customers, partners, sales, support, management, engineering, operations, and product management. Then you evaluate all of those inputs — prioritizing ideas and grooming the product backlog — to make sure what goes on your roadmap aligns against business goals, market opportunities, and team capacity.
Who is responsible for a product roadmap?
Product managers typically lead the roadmapping process but seek cross-functional input from executives, engineering, sales, support, and marketing. Developing a roadmap has four significant benefits:
Drives organizational consensus for overall product direction
Provides a mechanism to determine what level of development investment is needed to deliver the features and functionality specified in the roadmap
Provides a framework for the entire organization to plan for the future of the product
Offers a low-cost and low-risk way to capture customer and market feedback on future product plans
A great roadmap starts with a clear strategy that is customer- and market-driven. You also want to be sure the team understands the product vision and how it supports business goals. Establishing an overall product plan with those components before you begin roadmapping keeps everyone focused on achieving your strategy and vision.
What should be included in a product roadmap?
Different audiences require different types of roadmaps. And each type of roadmap typically has a unique set of components. When considering which kind of roadmap to build, it is important to think about who the roadmap is for and how it will get used. Knowing this will help you determine the right structure and information to use for your product roadmap.
The following components are often used in product roadmaps:
A product can be an item (hardware or software), service, idea, method, or information that satisfies a need or a want. It has a combination of tangible and intangible attributes (benefits, features, functions, uses) that a seller offers a buyer for purchase.
Goals are measurable, time-bound objectives that have clearly defined success metrics associated with them. They are included in a product roadmap to show the critical accomplishments required to make the product vision a reality.
Strategic initiatives represent high-level efforts or big themes of work that need to be completed to achieve the goals. You can overlay initiatives on a roadmap to show how specific releases and features relate to the strategy.
A release is typically the launch of new functionality for a product that provides value to customers. Releases often contain epics or multiple features that get delivered at the same time.
An epic is a large user story that cannot get delivered as defined within a single release. It is often broken down into small features or user stories that can get delivered incrementally.
A feature represents new or improved functionality that delivers value to users. Features provide more detailed information about new functionality.
A user story defines a new software feature from an end-user perspective — including what the user wants and why. You can use the words “feature” and “user story” interchangeably.
Product roadmaps typically include dates to show when new products and updates to existing ones will be completed and released. The time scale used depends on the level of detail required and can range from days and weeks to months, quarters, and sometimes even years.
Product roadmaps are even more useful when they clearly explain how the team is progressing against planned work. Status indicators for goals, initiatives, releases, epics, and features are a great way to highlight the current state of a plan.
What are different types of product roadmaps?
Roadmaps are visual product plans that help communicate work and progress. You may have different roadmap versions depending on your audience or based on information you want to specifically highlight.
A few examples of roadmaps created in Aha! are listed below:
A portfolio roadmap is perfect for displaying your planned releases for multiple products in a singular view. You can use a portfolio roadmap when you need to provide a strategic overview to your executive team or advisory boards. It also helps your internal teams acknowledge how specific projects relate to one another.
A strategy roadmap represents your strategic product initiatives. This is great for displaying the high-level efforts you need to complete to achieve your goals. To showcase your planned initiatives to executives or other stakeholders and to provide progress updates on company strategy, use a strategy roadmap. It can also be useful to help internal teams understand how releases contribute to overall business strategy.
A releases roadmap is used to plan your product releases. It is an ideal view for displaying the key activities, such as phases and tasks that need to happen to bring your release to market. They are also great for communicating the delivery of critical features. Use a releases roadmap when you need to coordinate release activities with other teams, such as marketing, sales, and support. A releases roadmap aligns everyone around what is coming, what needs to be done, and when.
A features roadmap shows the timeline for delivering new features. It displays the features of strategic importance that will be completed in coming months. You can use a features roadmap when you need to provide details about what is coming to customers or internal teams. For organizations that follow a continuous deployment approach, features roadmaps are helpful for communicating near-term product plans.
Product roadmap templates
Using Excel and PowerPoint roadmap templates can save you a lot of time and can be a great starting point. You can choose from a wide range of templates and tailor each to your specific needs. There will be limitations, however, and the experience will not be as robust as using purpose-built roadmap software like Aha!
If you are not already an Aha! user, you can sign up for a free 30-day trial. You will be able to collaborate with colleagues on hundreds of visual strategy and roadmap views in real time.
Building a product roadmap is an essential part of strategic planning and of a product manager's responsibilities. Because it visually communicates the direction of a product to internal and external stakeholders, a roadmap is constantly evolving and should be maintained to help the entire organization plan work.