What is a product requirements document (PRD)?
A product requirements document is a document which fully defines the purpose of the product or feature. It includes details on how the product should be built, and how it should be supported to empower you and your team to build a successful product.
Having a strong PRD does not guarantee that you'll have a strong, engaging product. However, having a weak PRD almost guarantees that you'll have a weak product.
Your PRD should be used to define the following:
What is the core objective?
Who are you building it for?
What is the value of the product or feature (to your company and end user)?
How will your users interact with it?
What will it look like?
How will you ensure success upon launch?
These are key questions that your requirements document should answer. Similar to wireframes, your PRD should leave no questions in terms of how the product should be built.
Why do you need a PRD?
You might hear this question when working with new product managers:
"Do I really need to spec this out? I have a bunch of things I need to get done, so I want to save some time. My engineer is right here, and we already put together our plan on the whiteboard. Isn't that good enough?"
As you probably know, the answer is, "No."
A PRD's primary purpose is to help you communicate the key parts of your product or feature and how they are supposed to work. It allows you to communicate this once, so that you don't need to repeat or clarify this to each of your team members. Everyone in your organization should share the same knowledge of how your product works after reading your PRD. And because it's written in print, there should be no, "He said, she said" when the product actually launches.
Your engineers use your PRD to implement the feature according to your requirements. Your designers use it to create what you asked for. Your sales and marketing teams use it to write materials that describe the key benefits of what the product or feature does. And senior management uses it to know exactly what you're building. PRDs are not just useful for you; they improve the work of your whole product team.
So, if anything, writing a PRD will actually save you tons of time. It will allow you to communicate things once instead of doing it multiple times with several different people. More importantly, it sends a signal to your product team that you care about keeping everyone on the same page.
- Introduction to product management
- What is the role of a product manager?
- What is a product?
- Which tools do product managers use?
- What skills are required to be a product manager
- What makes up the product team?
- What are some product management job titles?
- What is a typical product manager salary?
- How do product managers work with other teams?
- What does a product manager do each day?
- How can I learn to be a product manager?
- How do I choose the best product management certification?
- What are some interview questions for product managers?
- What is user experience design?
- How should product managers use wireframes?
- What is the difference: Wireframe vs. Mockup vs. Prototype?
- Introduction to product strategy
- What is product vision?
- What are product goals and initiatives?
- What is product positioning?
- What is product differentiation?
- How should I price my product?
- How should product managers research competitors?
- How should product managers define customer personas?
- What are some examples of a business model?
- What is enterprise transformation?
- What is digital transformation?
- What are the types of business transformation?
- What is the role of product management in enterprise transformation?
- What is customer experience?
- Introduction to product roadmaps
- What is a product roadmap?
- How do product roadmap tools work?
- What is a product portfolio roadmap?
- How do product managers build an agile roadmap?
- What product roadmap presentation templates do product managers use?
- How do product managers build the right roadmap?
- How to report on progress against your product roadmap?
- How do product managers build a roadmap for a new product?
- How often should roadmap planning happen?
- Introduction to product development methodologies
- What is product development?
- What is agile product management?
- What is the role of a product manager in scrum?
- What is a scrum master?
- What is kanban?
- What is waterfall?
- What is the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe®)?
- What is the role of a product manager in SAFe®?
- What is agile development?
- Introduction to release management
- What are product features?
- What is requirements management?
- What is a product backlog?
- How do product managers prioritize features?
- Product prioritization frameworks
- What is user story mapping?
- How do product managers plan releases across teams?
- What is a sprint?
- What is the difference between a product, release, and sprint backlog?
- What is a good product launch checklist?
- Introduction to product management templates
- Product roadmap templates
- SWOT analysis templates
- Product positioning templates
- Business plan templates
- Competitor analysis templates
- Gantt chart templates
- Product requirements document template
- User story template
- Product manager resume templates
- Market requirements document template